PROJECT: 8 HOUSE
CLIENT: HØPFNER A/S, DANISH OIL COMPANY A/S, STORE FREDERIKSLUND
SIZE: 60,000 M2, 475 RESIDENCES
LOCATION: COPENHAGEN, DK
STATUS COMPLETED: 2009
“8 House is a three-dimensional neighborhood rather than an architectural object. An alley of 150 row houses stretches through the entire block and twists all the way from street level to the top and down again. Where social life, the spontaneous encounter and neighbor interaction traditionally is restricted to the ground level, the 8 House allows it to expand all the way to the top.”
Bjarke Ingels, Founding Partner, BIG
“8 HOUSE is located in Southern Ørestad on the edge of the Copenhagen Canal and with a view of the open spaces of Kalvebod Fælled. It is a big house in the literal sense of the word. A house offering homes in all its bearings for people in all of life’s stages: the young and the old, nuclear families and singles, families that grow and families that become smaller.
The bow-shaped building creates two distinct spaces, separated by the centre of the bow which hosts the communal facilities of 500 m2. At the very same spot, the building is penetrated by a 9 meter wide passage that connects the two surrounding city spaces: the park area to the west and the channel area to the east.
Instead of dividing the different functions of the building – for both habitation and trades – into separate blocks, the various functions have been spread out horizontally. The apartments are placed at the top while the commercial program unfolds at the base of the building. As a result, the different horizontal layers have achieved a quality of their own: the apartments benefit from the view, sunlight and fresh air, while the office leases merge with life on the street.”
Architect Bjarke Ingels shares his philosophy on the design process:
Bicylicle Ride down the 8-Tallen
8-Tallen on Street View:
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Ørestad is a developing city area in Copenhagen, Denmark, on the island of Amager. It is expected that 20,000 people will live in Ørestad, 20,000 will study, and 80,000 people will be employed in the area. The area is being developed using the new town concept with the Copenhagen Metro as the primary public transport grid, connecting the area with the rest of Metropolitan Copenhagen.
Ørestad is noted for its attractive location and excellent infrastructure, which apart from the metro includes Oresund Railway and the Copenhagen Airport as well as the Øresund Bridge close by. The regional Oresundtrains go to Copenhagen Airport in 6 minutes, to Copenhagen Central Station in 7 minutes, and in 29 minutes to the Central Station in Malmö, Sweden's third largest city. Ørestad has once been referred to as "the largest crossroads in Scandinavia".
Ørestad is divided into four districts: Ørestad Nord, Amager Fælled kvarteret, Ørestad City and Ørestad Syd. Among the most notable institutions located in Ørestad are the DR Village, the headquarters of the national Danish broadcaster DR, Copenhagen Concert Hall designed by Jean Nouvel, Field's, the largest shopping mall in Denmark, and Bella Center, the largest exhibition and conference center in Scandinavia, currently expanding its facilities with Bella Hotel, the largest hotel in Scandinavia.
"What makes a livable city_" is an exhibition at Danish Architecture Centre about new architecture and urban development in copenhagen which was held from 10 june to 23 october 2011. Part of the exhibition is about Copenhagen's new city district Ørestad. This slide show presents some of the development in Ørestad in 2010/2011.
The legislation regarding Ørestad was enacted in 1992 because the unused areas were regarded as being too valuable. Ørestad Development Corporation (Ørestadsselskabet I/S) was founded March 11, 1993 to manage the growth of the city district. The corporation is owned 55% by Copenhagen municipality and 45% by the Ministry of Finance. The development is expected to take 20 to 30 years at a cost of about €175 million, and it is expected that 20,000 people will live in Ørestad, 20,000 will study, and 80,000 people will be employed in the area.
At the beginning of 2008, 53% of the area had been sold.
The winning project of an international architectural competition held in 1994 revealed an overall masterplan for Ørestad, dividing the area into four districts. The Finnish design office APRT and Danish KHR Arkitekter established a joint-venture and presented a final plan in 1997.
The first office building was completed in 2001. The first residential buildings were completed three years later. Currently, there are more than 3000 flats as well as 192,100 m². of office space in Ørestad. In addition, a total of 13 buildings are under construction.
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